A sonogram or an ultrasound in New Jersey is a medical procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves to perform a scan of the body. Sonograms in NJ are most performed on pregnant women at a number of times during their pregnancy. While the two terms can be used interchangeably to refer to the same thing, they are technically very different. Ultrasound refers to the technology used (use of high-frequency sound waves) while a sonogram refers to the resultant image after an ultrasound procedure.
There are about seven different types of ultrasound exams that can be performed. These are:
- Transvaginal Scans NJ– sonogram images are produced by inserting into the vagina specially designed probe transducers. This type of scan is ideal during the early stages of pregnancy.
- Standard Ultrasounds NJ– a standard ultrasound makes use of a transducer to generate 2-dimensional images. The transducer is placed over the abdomen in order to view an image of the developing fetus.
- Advanced Ultrasound NJ– this is a better version of the standard ultrasound that uses more sophisticated equipment to target a suspected problem.
- Doppler Ultrasound NJ– an imaging procedure that accurately detects and measures any slight variations in the frequency of the sound waves bouncing off moving objects.
- 3-D Ultrasound NJ– generates 3-D images of the developing fetus using specially designed probes and software.
- 4d ultrasound NJ – imaging procedure that utilizes specially designed scanners to produce images of the face as well as capture the movements of the baby shortly before birth.
- Fetal Echocardiography – this imaging technique is used to assess the baby’s heart anatomy and function. By using ultrasounds, the doctor is able to detect any congenital heart defects.
There might be a slight difference in the approaches and equipment used in New Jersey to perform the sonograms above, but the procedure that is followed is pretty much the same. Apart from maybe the Transvaginal scan, the rest involve the application of a suitable gel on the abdomen or area of interest. The purpose of this gel is to work as a conductor for the sound waves.
A transducer will then be placed on top of the gel and moved around rhythmically. The transducer emits sound waves into the illuminated region. These waves are reflected back by the bones and tissues and it is this reflection that is used to generate black and white images of the fetus or internal body structure.
As already mentioned above, ultrasounds are mainly performed at random times during the pregnancy in order to monitor the growing fetus. Pregnant women in NJ may be subjected to any number of ultrasound procedures as may be determined or seen fit by the medical practitioner in charge. However, some women can go through their pregnancy without ever having one, especially where the pregnancy is very healthy.
So, of what value is a sonogram? Well, the images generated are not a mere show of our capability to penetrate the human body. Instead, they help in the detection of abnormalities and/or conditions that are related to pregnancy. In order to relay accurate information, sonograms may be combined with a number of other tests such as chorionic villus sampling, amniocentesis, and triple tests.